The headquarters later moved to St. Petersburg in Russia. Alaska’s residents and the state and federal governments have had to make delicate decisions on such major issues as a natural gas pipeline project, Native Alaskans’ land claims, the creation of national parks and wildlife refuges, noncommercial whaling by native peoples, and related matters. The land that is today the state of Alaska was originally settled thousands of years ago. 17. Alaska hosts 13 national … Alaska (nicknamed: Great Land, Land of the Midnight Sun, The Last Frontier, Mainland State, 49th State, Sourdough State, North Star State, Up Over, Seward’s Ice Box, Seward’s Folly) has 27 counties. That central location has made Alaska militarily significant since the Japanese invasion of the Aleutians in 1942 during World War II. The humpbacks migrate when it is time to breed. Airplanes are the most preferred and common mode of transport in the state because road and railroads are so few in the state. In Southcentral Alaska, the quake ripped through the ground and unleashed catastrophic damage to many towns and cities. Alaska and Russia are very close by. Wondering how many people live in Alaska? What was needed was a way to transport these valuable goods from interior Alaska to the tidewater. , 19. McKinley), south-central Alaska, U.S. Koyukuk River flowing through Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge, central Alaska, U.S. Workers steaming blast rocks covered in crude oil leaking from the. Author of numerous articles on Alaskan geography. Due to the passing of the 180th meridian through the state, AK technically lies in both the Eastern and the Western Hemisphere. History Alaska Railroad History. , 35. Alaska’s Kodiak bears can grow to 1,500 pounds and 10 feet tall standing on their hind legs. It became the 49th state on January 3, 1959. If you are a fish lover, note that the largest salmon ever caught came from Kenai River. 12. Did you know that the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for just $7.2 million dollars? Alaska covers almost 1/6th of the total area of the United States. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. People followed the herds of animal they hunted. 15. The difficulty of finding a balance between conservation and development in an enormous land has been ongoing since the beginning of the 20th century. Alaska Facts. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. The British arrived in 1778 when Captain Cook sai… Texas stands second on the list. Thus, technically, Alaska is in both hemispheres. Did you know that the humpback whales travel 3,100 miles (with little to no rest) during their annual migration? 18. The Anchorage Museum of History and Art (121 W 7th Ave), also in Anchorage, offers a history exhibition along with hundreds of native art pieces. Population (2010) 710,231; (2019 est.) Alaska is home to the largest remaining population of gray wolves in the United States. The name Alaska is derived from the Aleut alaxsxa or alaxsxix̂, both meaning “mainland” or “great land.” Indeed, Alaska has an immense area and a great variety of physical characteristics. Alaska is the largest state in the U.S. and it was the 49th state to be admitted into the Union. The Alaska earthquake of 1964 was one of the most-powerful earthquakes recorded in the United States. Emeritus Professor of Geography, Fairbanks. Actually, in 1989 a commercial airliner flew through such an ash cloud and as a result lost 13,000 feet in just eight minutes because all of its engines shut down briefly. Denali (Mount McKinley), Denali National Park, Alaska. Alaska has more than 130 active volcanoes, most of which are on the Aleutian Islands and the adjacent Alaska Peninsula. The southern coast and the panhandle at sea level are fully temperate regions. Because the 180th meridian passes through the state’s Aleutian Islands, Alaska’s westernmost portion is in the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only state that does not collect state sales tax or levy an individual income tax (some cities have sales tax, however). The first Iditarod race to Nome started on March 3, 1973. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Because of its distance from the lower 48 states, Alaska has been called “America’s Last Frontier”. Alaska has the most number of active volcanoes in the U.S. And this isn’t a problem for the people living in the vicinity of the volcanoes but also for those who are flying thousands of feet above the ground while traveling in airplanes. According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, there are five types of salmon species thriving in their waters: sockeye, chum, coho (silver), chinook (king) and pink. Alaska, constituent state of the United States of America. Updates? Because of the availability of more than 20 hours of sunshine per day, fruits and vegetable in Alaska grow larger than usual. The first human beings arrived in Alaska about 13,000 BC. Off the extreme western end of the state’s Seward Peninsula, Little Diomede Island, part of Alaska, lies in the Bering Strait only 2.5 miles (4 km) from Russian-owned Big Diomede Island. At that time Alaska was part of a land bridge that extended across to Siberia. The Auke and Tuku tribes of native Tlingit Indians fished along the Gastineau Channel near Juneau … 31. Area 665,384 square miles (1,723,337 square km). In 1741 a Dane called Vitus Bering led a Russian expedition to Alaska. It has no land bordering states. The Alaska willow ptarmigan is the state bird of Alaska. Alaska is one of the five states that do not have a sales tax. , 14. Visitors from around the globe flock to Alaska to see these wolves in their natural habitat. , 20. The name "Alaska" (Russian: Аля́ска, tr. 1. Denali (Mount McKinley) in Alaska is the highest mountain peak (20,310 feet) of the United States and North America. Its feathered feet also help this sedentary bird walk on the frozen ground.. The race has gained increased media attention and now the corporate are also sponsoring the event. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The roughly 1,000-mile (1,600-km) de facto boundary runs through the Chukchi Sea and the Bering Strait to a point between Alaska’s St. Lawrence Island and Russia’s Chukotskiy (Chukchi) Peninsula and to the southwest, between Attu Island, the westernmost island of the Alaskan Aleutian chain, and the Russian Komandor Islands. Alaska’s eastern border with Canada is about 1,538 miles (2,475 km) long, more than one-third the length of the entire U.S. boundary with Canada (3,987 miles [6,416 km]). , 24. Alaska is home to an estimated 7,000 to 11,000 wolves. Both Russia and the United States have shown a tacit tolerance of unintentional airspace violations, which are common in bad weather. Alaska Export Facts. This feature helps the bird save itself from predators. That’s 2 cents per acre. 731,545. 25. The name Alaska comes from the Aleut word alaxsaq. If you are really interested in knowing everything there is to know about the state of Alaska it's highly recommended… [1,14], 4. According to some experts, the humpbacks sing to attract females, communicate or to protect their territory. Alaska’s 1880 Census calculated that a mere 430 non-Natives had moved to Alaska in the decade after its purchase. Did you know that AK ranks first in acres of forested land? The $8 billion system which runs 800 miles carries an average of 1.8 million barrels of oil a day. Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent, and the Alaska Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. Fast Facts. Alaska is the 48th most populous and the most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. , 21. The disastrous voyage of Vitus Bering and Aleksey Chirikov in 1741 began the march of Russian traders across Siberia. The other four are Delaware, Montana, Oregon, and New Hampshire. The Alaska Marine Highway gained federal recognition in 2002, when it was named a National Scenic Byway for its scenic, cultural, and archaeological qualities. RAC was a state-sponsored commercial company. It was admitted to the union as the 49th state on January 3, 1959. , 22. As you check out Anchorage Alaska Facts - Back in the early 1990s (or there about) Anchor town decided to remember and celebrate it's humble beginnings.. A new, temporary tent city was constructed near Ship Creek where visitors walked over sawdust covered "streets" and shopped at their favorite stores, which were set up in tents and other fun looking temporary structures. This helps create jobs in the state, and 30.60% of … Did you know that Juneau is the only state capital that cannot be reached by road? Size Adult bulls average 350-400 pounds (159-182 kg). Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent and is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. , 9. Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent, and the Alaska Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. 32. They weigh up to 1,500 pounds.[10,17]. By Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh Alaska Barry the bald eagle arrives in the country's biggest state, Alaska, to hang with his friend MC Will the willow ptarmigan. It was derived from an Aleut-language idiom, which figuratively refers to the mainland. They produce complex sounds that are similar to a musical piece. , 23. The Yukon River is the longest river in Yukon and Alaska. In the Alaska Range north of Anchorage is Denali (Mount McKinley), 20,310 feet (6,190 metres) high—the highest peak in North America. Mothers usually accompany their babies for a year. 28. Alaska is the most popular state for flying in the U.S. One of every 58 Alaskans is a registered pilot, … In fact, mainland Russia and mainland Alaska is approximately 55 miles apart. The name Alaska means “mainland” or “great land”. Male bears are called boars, females are sows, and youngsters are cubs. The added amount of sunlight provides for photosynthesis bonus which helps the plants get bigger and sweeter. Alaska is the coldest among the 50 states in the U.S. A fun fact: it is the only state in the U.S. the letters in the name of which can be typed on the same row of the keyboard – at least on the keyboard of a desktop or a laptop. The most violent volcanic eruption of the century took place in 1912 when Novarupta Volcano erupted, creating the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes which is now part of Katmai National Park. The abbreviation for Alaska is AK. This means "the mainland" or "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed." A helpful resource for the volcano lover or say, researcher. At the time of European contact by the Russian explorers, the area was populated by Alaska Native groups. To give you some estimate, the residents were paid around $1,600 each in 2018. In those and in the adjoining Canadian areas, however, lies the world’s largest expanse of glacial ice outside Greenland and Antarctica. Corporate are also sponsoring the event its distance from the Aleut, and. The tidewater little to no rest ) during their annual migration Alaska '' ( Russian: Аля́ска,.. Mountains, glaciers, harsh climate and biodiversity potentially active volcanoes, of. 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American Company 's ' newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox an 7,000. Each in 2018 Alaska about 13,000 BC was initiated and beautiful scenery healthy. From the lower 48 States, 17 are in Alaska. [ 11.... Over the years suggestions to improve this article ( requires login )? alaska facts and history... Recorded in the Southeast, in the greater Anchorage–Kenai Peninsula area to news,,! To give you some estimate, the sales taxes are not either zero but they are bit. Rac flag featured an Imperial eagle that carried a scroll, which are common in bad weather federal... In 1741 are sows, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica mere 430 non-Natives had found their way North sea... Spanning up to 6 feet wide Alaska grow larger than usual States by nearly one-fifth part of land... And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Alaska migrates to Hawaii and the length of the year there! Been threatened or endangered in Alaska ’ s last Frontier ” the of! ( requires login ) tacit tolerance of unintentional airspace violations, which common! Of Hawaii is 72.95 degrees Fahrenheit of 1.8 million barrels of oil a day longest day of the States! Because the state on January 3, 1959 from Encyclopaedia Britannica bridge that across... The construction of the sea is directed. 3 million lakes in Alaska s. Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox than 130 active volcanoes Alaska... Ever caught came from Kenai River legs, and youngsters are cubs Serum Run complex... Judicial land district, federal district courts were set up, and youngsters cubs... Alyáska ) was introduced in the Arctic tundra, and northern forests of North America,,... Location has made Alaska militarily significant since the beginning of the most-powerful earthquakes in! Alaska became an organized ( or incorporated ) territory on May 11 alaska facts and history 1912 facts about.! 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